Rumba is a transliteration of Spanish Rumba, originated from Cuba, also known as Cuban Rumba.The rhythm of dance music is 4/4 beats, 27 to 29 bars per minute. Four beats per measure. The characteristic of the melody of the music is that the strong beat falls on the fourth beat of each measure.
The dance step starts from beat 4 and consists of one slow step and two fast steps. Three steps in four beats, two beats for slow steps (the 4th beat and the first beat of the next bar), and one beat for each quickstep (the second and third beats). It is characterized by a romantic style and charming dancing posture. Both men and women pay attention to body posture, dance style is soft and charming, and footwork is graceful.
The dancers feel like they are away, full of provocative meaning. It is a dance that expresses the affection of men and women. The rumba name may be derived from the word Rumboso Orquestra, which was the name of a dance team in 1807. On the Caribbean coast, this name is similar to the name of Rhum. Therefore, some people think that rumba is related to this wine, a product of a boisterous cocktail party in Spanish.
The folk dance of black singing and dancing originated from Africa, was popular in Latin America, and later developed in Cuba. In Cuba, all impromptu black singing and dancing are called rumba. This kind of dance is completely self-entertaining. Sometimes it can be a man and a woman chasing each other, or it can be a group dance of many people.
The dance steps are mainly based on twisting the hips, twisting the steps, and shaking the shoulders. The accompaniment is mainly percussion music, and the dancers also sing with shouts. The rhythm is 2/4 time, which is flexible and changeable. The folk rumba atmosphere is very warm and jubilant. After the 1920s, rumba was introduced to Europe and North America, and absorbed jazz and other dance elements, becoming an important form of ballroom dance.
The style and rhythm characteristics of rumba dance can be summarized as a stable pendulum, flexible and tenacious, fast and slow.
Steady swing: The rhythm of rumba dance is produced by labor. When working black people carry bananas and other fruits on their heads, they require their upper body to be stable.And they must move up and down to form hip swings. Therefore, when performing Rumba dance.It is required to keep the spine straight and the shoulders flat.And the hip swing is naturally formed due to the shift of the center of gravity, rather than deliberately swinging the hips. When the footsteps out, press the soles of the feet hard on the ground, and the knees bend slightly.
At this time, the knees of the other leg are straight. When the center of gravity is moved to the stepping foot, the heels are lowered, and the hips swing to the side and back. One relaxes slightly. The overall feeling is to lift the breath, control the upper body steadily, while the arms swing freely.
Flexibility and toughness: After stepping out, the knees should be straight, the hip swings look brisk and soft, but the internal force is hard, there is a memory of tenacity, so the rumba dance for a long time will have a sense of sour buttocks.
Fast and slow: Rumba dances in three steps in four beats. The rhythm is fast, fast, and slow, with one quick step and one slow step, and two slow steps. The hips are swung three times in three steps. Its foot movement is quick, no matter whether it is fast or slow.It is half a beat, while the swing of the hip is one beat for a quick step and two beats for a slow step. In fact, in four beats and three steps, each step is half a beat in place.And the hips are continuously swinging to the left and right. This contradictory movement of up, down, slow, and fast forms the distinctive rhythm of rumba dance.